Anthocyanins - These are natural pigments that occur in plants, fruits and vegetables, and they give plants varied blues and reds. They belong to a group of plant compounds called flavonoids, and they are water soluble (as opposed to oil soluble). Many flavonoids are believed to behave as antioxidants

Antioxidant – A substance that prevents damage caused by free radicals. Free radicals are highly reactive chemicals that often contain oxygen. They are produced when molecules are split to give products that have unpaired electrons. This process is called oxidation.

Bioavailability - Bioavailability is the level to which a nutrient is taken up and used by the body. For a nutrient to be considered bioavailable, it needs to be in a form that is recognized by the body and that the body can easily use.

Catechin – Catechins are flavonoid phytochemical compounds that appear predominantly in green tea. Smaller amounts of catechins are also in black tea, grapes, wine, and chocolate. Due to their antioxidant capabilities, catechins, often referred to as "tea flavonoids," are being investigated for their ability to prevent cancer and heart disease.

Cells - The "building blocks" of the body. A human is made of millions of cells, which are adapted for different functions. Cells are able to reproduce themselves exactly, unless they are abnormal or damaged.

Chinese Apple – Another name for the Pomegranate fruit (Punica granatum)

EGCG – Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is a type of catechin and is the most abundant catechin in tea. This catechin is a potent antioxidant and is found in high levels in green tea.

Ellagic Acid - Ellagic acid is a polyphenol antioxidant found in numerous fruits and vegetables including pomegranates, raspberries, strawberries, cranberries, walnuts, pecans, and other plant foods.

Flavonoids (bioflavonoids) – Flavonoids are a class of water-soluble pigments that are found in many plants. A few thousand different flavonoids have so far been identified. Many of these compounds serve as antioxidants or play other important roles in maintaining the health of your body.

Free Radicals – Highly reactive chemicals that often contain oxygen and are produced when molecules are split to give products that have unpaired electrons. This process is called oxidation. Free radicals can damage important cellular molecules such as DNA or lipids or other parts of the cell.

French Paradox – The French paradox refers to the observation that the French suffer relatively low incidence of coronary heart disease, despite having a diet relatively rich in saturated fats. It has been suggested that the consumption of red wine and the antioxidant resveratrol in red wine could be responsible for these health benefits.

Inflammation – The complex biological response of vascular tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants. Inflammation is a protective attempt by the organism to remove the injurious stimuli as well as initiate the healing process for the tissue. Antioxidants are believed to combat chronic inflammation, which has been linked to clogged arteries, heart attacks and strokes.

ORAC - Oxygen Radical Absorption (or Absorbance) Capacity measures the antioxidant activity of a substance. It quantifies the degree and length of time it takes to neutralize the action of an oxidizing agent - specifically free radicals - known to cause damage to cells. Super fruits, including pomegranate are called such because of their high ORAC ratings.

Oxidation – A process in which oxygen combines with a substance, altering its structure and changing or destroying its normal function.

Oxidative Stress – Molecules called free radicals can damage human cells, including heart, skin and brain cells. These molecules form naturally whenever the body metabolizes oxygen, so the damage they cause is called oxidative stress.

Phytochemical - A substance found in plants. Some phytochemicals may reduce the risk of cancer.

Phytoestrogens - Plant compounds that act like estrogen in the body.

Phytonutrients - Plant compounds, which are produced by plants to protect them from toxins and environmental pollutants. While they are not considered essential nutrients, they are believed to contain health protecting qualities. Also known as phytochemicals.

Polyphenol Antioxidant – A type of antioxidant containing a polyphenolic substructure. In humans, these compounds are believed to be instrumental in combating oxidative stress, a syndrome of some neurodegenerative diseases and some cardiovascular diseases.

PSA - (prostate specific antigen) a protein made by the prostate. Levels of PSA often go up in men with prostate cancer. The PSA test measures levels in the blood and is used to help find prostate cancer as well as to monitor the results of treatment.

Resveratrol - A phytochemical found mainly in the skins of red grapes and in Pomology's extract Resverapure®. Research has found number of beneficial health benefits, such as anti-cancer, antiviral, neuroprotective, anti-aging and anti-inflammatory effects.

Standardized extract - A form of an herb that contains a concentrated but set (standardized) percentage of active ingredients. Standardized extracts help guarantee consistent dosage strength, or potency, from one batch of the herb to the next. There are a variety of ways to produce standardized extracts including water-based and alcohol-based extraction methods.

Suntheanine® - A patented, enzymatically-synthesized source of pure theanine. Theanine is an amino acid originally found in green tea. Known for its calming effects. It stimulates the brain's production of alpha waves to reduce stress and anxiety, promote relaxation and reduce the negative effects of caffeine without compromising alertness.

Vegetarian capsules – Capsules that are made with vegetable cellulose instead of gelatin. All Pomology products use vegetarian capsules.